Civitas Tropaensium, Dacia.
Fragments of the metopes and relief detail are on displat in the Muzeul Adamclisi (Adamklissi, Romania) and the Istanbul Archaeology Museum. A hypothetical reconstruction of the monument was set up on the site of the original in 1977.
The ‘Trophy of Trajan’ was discovered in the first decade of the 1800s, and excavated in the 1880s. The monument comprised a large drum, placed on top of a flight of nine steps. Made of concrete, the circular drum was faced with local limestone and decorated with a band of 54 metopes (decorative architectural elements), with ornamental friezes above and below. The drum served as a base for a conical roof, on which was placed a monumental ‘trophy’, resembling a tree trunk, to which sculpted figures of captives were bound. The ‘trophy’ was supported by two hexagonal pedestals, which bore dedicatory inscriptions. The parapet was decorated with 26 crenellation reliefs, also in the forms of captives, between the spaces of which were sculpted geometric shapes and water spouts in the forms of lions. The monument was reconstructed on the site in 1977, with 48 of the original metopes on display in the nearby museum.
Concrete and local limestone.