Hadrianeum, Piazza di Pietra (Campus Martius), Rome
Palazzo dei Conservatori (Capitoline Museums), Rome; Museo Nazionale of Naples; Palazzo Farnese, Rome.
Twenty-four rectangular marble slabs decorated with a relief, depicting the personifications of provinces, were located somewhere on the temple of Hadrian in the city of Rome. The Temple of Divus Hadrianus, or Hadrianeum, was dedicated by Antoninus Pius in 145 CE, in the central area of Campus Martius not far away from the Pantheon and the Temple of Matidia, to the memory of Hadrian, who by then had assumed the status of divus. Only nineteen of the slabs now survive; each one, in Proconnesian marble, is decorated with the relief of a woman with her feet standing on the lower cornice, while her head supports the upper protruding cornice which frames the slab. Each slab measures 2 m high. These slabs were alternated with slabs depicting trophies made with a specific set of armour and weapons characterising the defeated nation. The marble slabs from the Hadrianeum depict the personification of the province, known as the provincia pia fidelis, or a province faithful to Roman rule and well assimilated to the empire.